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Cabling and Security Glossary

The world of security and networking systems is filled with technical jargon and lingo. How to make sense of it all? We’ve prepared this handy glossary to help you keep it sorted. Have additional questions not answered here? Contact us online at any time or call our office at 613.226.9937!

Access Control

The management of who can interact with a person, place or thing. It can refer to anything from the door to your office to the gates in subway terminals. Occasionally a person, in the case of security guards, provides access control. Occasionally it is provided electronically, as in the case of electronic swipe cards. Often access control involves a combination of both approaches. Access control is an essential component of any security system.

Alarm

An automatic device that calls attention to a change in your environment. It alerts you to the presence of fire, smoke, an intruder, etc… Alarms are one component of a security system.

Cat5 (Cat5e, Cat6, Cat6a)

The technical term for “Category 5” computer cable and the most common type of business network cable. It is more commonly known as “Ethernet cable” and varies in both colour and length.

Closed Circuit Television (CCTV)

CCTV transmits a signal securely to a select number of monitors and devices. This signal is not transmitted openly. CCTV often refers to the video cameras used in surveillance of restaurants, convenience stores, casinos, airports, etc…

Data Cable

A data cable is any media that can relay baseband (close to zero frequency) signals from a transmitter to a receiver. It can refer to Ethernet cable, coaxial cable, and even fiber-optic cable.

Digital Video Recorder (DVR)

An electronic device or software application that records video information in digital format to be stored on a disk drive, USB, SD memory card or other storage device.

Electronic Locks

A lock that operates by means of an electronic current. They are most often used in conjunction with an access control system.

Emergency Call Box System

Emergency call boxes allow users who do not have a mobile phone with a means of communicating emergency situations to relevant authorities. They are often found in isolated areas such as parking lots in order to provide an additional level of safety to your security system.

Ethernet

A trademark term for a popular type of local area network. Widely used across all sectors.

Intercom System

A network of stand-alone communication devices that are interlinked in order to provide easy communication throughout a building or facility. These stand-alone devices may include public address loudspeakers, walkie-talkies, telephones, and more. More sophisticated intercom systems include signal lights and door latches.

IP camera

Unlike CCTV cameras, IP cameras transmit information either wirelessly or through hardwired connection, via your Internet connection. Similar to “webcams,” the term IP cameras is normally reserved for surveillance cameras.

Night-Vision Camera

A night-vision camera provides more accurate video imagery in low-light environments.

Paging Systems

A system that indicates to a person that someone is trying to make contact with them. Paging systems may use loudspeakers, telephones, or portable paging devices.

Security Systems

An interrelated series of devices designed to increase a place’s security and a person’s sense of safety. Comprehensive security systems, often used in businesses, include surveillance cameras, alarms, motion detectors, and a person.

Telephone Systems

An interconnected system that transmits sound between different points, such as workstations.

Voice Over IP (VOIP)

A means of delivering voice over the Internet by converting voice signals to digital form.